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Meloxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory(NSAID) prescribed by veterinarians to treat osteoarthritis and postoperativepain in dogs and cats, although it is predominantly used to treat canines. Thismedication is also effective in reducing fever.
HowDoes Meloxicam Reduce Pain?
Prostaglandins are the chemicals responsible forcausing inflammation and pain. Meloxicam effectively relieves pain andinflammation by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins in the body. It also inhibits COX-2 and phospholipase A-2which are responsible for inflammation and pain.
Meloxicam is an effective pain reliever when andrequires a veterinary prescription. However, this medication should not beadministered to a patient with a known allergy to it. It should also be avoidedin animals suffering from dehydration, low blood pressure, a perforation of thestomach or intestinal lining or in animals with a history of bleeding disordersor ulcers. While meloxicam is approvedfor use in dogs, puppies under the age of six months have not been evaluated.
Meloxicam is generally well tolerated in dogs butthe most common side effect is GI distress. Examples include vomiting, soft stools, diarrhea, and inappetence. Whilerare, other animals may experience more severe side effects like intestinalbleeding, black and tarry stools, intestinal perforation or stomach orintestinal ulcers, or renal toxicity.