It is a broad spectrum antibiotic used in veterinary medicine to treat animals afflicted with certain bacterialinfections. This drug belongs to a class of antibiotics known asfluoroquinolones and is not effective against infections caused by viruses,fungi or parasites.
Enrofloxacin works by inhibiting the process of DNA synthesis within the bacterial cells, which results in cell death. This drug is commonly used totreat a range of bacterial infections, including those of the skin, urinary tract and respiratory system, as well as infections that result from wounds.
Enrofloxac in is available under the brand name BaytrilÃƒâ€šÃ‚®, in addition to a variety of generic formulationsthat can be compounded by a qualified veterinary pharmacy. Formulations includeoral tablet, capsule, suspension, transdermal gel, topical cream or ointment,otic solution or injectable solution. Enrofloxacin is only available with aprescription.
Enrofloxacin is generallysafe and effective for use in veterinary medicine. However, it should not bead ministered to puppies aged 28 weeks or younger. It should be used with caution in veterinary patients prone to seizures. Doses may also need to bead justed for patients with severe kidney or liver impairment. This medication should not be administered to an animal with a known allergy orhypersensitivity to it or other medications in the same class (marbofloxacin,ciprofloxacin, etc).
Interactions and Possible Side Effects:
Enrofloxac in may interact with one or more medications. Common culprits include iron supplements,antacids and stomach protectants. When given to animals, avoid giving with dairy products (such as cheese, cream cheese, or yogurt) because the calcium can bind to the drug, limiting its effectiveness. Disclosing the existing drug regimen of your pet is essential in order to prevent a possible drug interaction. This medication may cause some animal patients to experience certain side effects, generally diarrhea or loose stools. On very rare occasions, ananimal may experience a seizure, while younger animals may experience swollenjoints, general lethargy and in some cases, cartilage damage when dosed above the recommended range and below the recommended age.